The warehouse can be described as part of a company’s logistics system that functions to store products and provide information about the status and condition of materials/supplies stored in warehouses so that the information is always up-to-date and easily accessed by anyone with an interest. The warehouse is an integral part of the supply chain. Trending challenges in the supply chain, such as increased market volatility, and the need to shorten customer lead times, all have an impact on the expected role of warehouses and 迷你倉.
Warehouse management goals:
Speed The speed at which markets are delivered and meeting changing demands, is an important issue that management uses as a competitive strategy.
Efficiency. Supply chain efficiency is measured and improved continuously by continuous improvement teams from various units.
Effectiveness. The effectiveness that allows customers or users to get company products easily.
Reliability. Reliability of information, communication, and execution so that all functions work well.
The type of warehouse in the supply chain varies greatly, depending on its role in the supply chain, such as:
Based on the stages in the supply chain, known warehouses for storing raw materials, processed goods, and finished goods;
Based on geographical area: for example, regional warehouse to serve the whole world or several countries, national warehouse For serving regions throughout one country’s territory, or local warehouse to serve a specific area;
By type of product: for example, warehouses for storage of spare parts, assembly warehouses (for example for automobile assemblies), frozen foods, perishable foods, and dangerous goods;
Function-based: for example, warehouse for storing inventory, warehouse for sorting (for example as the ‘hub’ of post-processing warehouse);
Based on ownership: user-managed warehouse (for example a manufacturer or retailer) or warehouse managed by a third-party logistics service provider company;
Based on company use: for example, a dedicated warehouse for one company (dedicated warehouse), or shared warehouse (share-warehouse);
Based on area: warehouse with an area starting from 100 square meters or less and a warehouse with an area of more than 100,000 square meters;
Based on height: starting from a warehouse of around 3 meters to a high-bay warehouse with a height of more than 45 meters;
Based on the tools used: from a warehouse that operates manually or a warehouse with automatic operations.